Any study of Hindu gods and goddesses must begin with the basic Hindu trinity. The Hindu trinity is said to represent God or the divine spirit in its threefold nature and function. This is much like the Christian trinity of God as Father, Son and Holy Ghost. The Hindu trinity includes Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. Brahma is the Creator, Vishnu the preserver, and Shiva is the destroyer of the universe.
Each of the Gods in the trinity has a goddess as his partner. Brahma’s companion is Saraswati, the Goddess of knowledge. Vishnu’s partner is Lakshmi, the Goddess of love, beauty and delight. And Shiva’s wife is Kali (Parvati), the Goddess of power, destruction and transformation. The Goddesses are often worshipped in their own right in addition to with their spouses.
These are the three main forms of the Gods and Goddesses. All other Hindu Gods and Goddesses are derived from them.